Monitoring of water bodies is a system of current (continuous) as well as comprehensive analysis of the state of water resources. It includes accounting and control of qualitative and quantitative characteristics over time, as well as the system of development and conservation of water bodies in various application regimes.
Monitoring of water bodies is conducted at all locations that are federally owned and owned by legal or natural persons.
The purpose of conducting
It consists in timely identification and forecasting of occurrence of negative processes that affect water quality in water bodies and their condition. Also, monitoring of water bodies involves development and implementation of measures to prevent negative consequences due to poor water quality. Such measures imply information provision of management in the field of application and protection of resources, supervision and control of their application.
The established control system implies systematic activities on hydrology, hydrochemistry and hydrobiology. Monitoring of water bodies implies obtaining information on water quality by chemical, physical and hydrobiological indicators.
Monitoring of water bodies implies daily visual observations. Sampling, hydrochemical and hydrological observations are carried out every ten days. For many water bodies, studies are carried out seven times a year according to the mandatory program:
during floods (rise, peak, and recession);
during the summer low-water season (rainfall flood, minimum flow);
before ice break;
within winter low water period.
Specifics of complex monitoring
Integrated monitoring implies organization of a comprehensive system for observation of the state of natural objects in order to assess their actual pollution and to warn about emerging critical conditions that can harm human health and other living organisms.
The main objectives of integrated monitoring are to obtain information:
assessment of indicators of the functionality and integrity of the human environment and ecosystems (analysis of compliance with environmental standards);
identifying the causes of changes in the indicator, assessing the consequences of changes (diagnosis of the state);
creation of prerequisites for identifying measures to correct negative situations (timely prevention of problem situations).